What are sarcomas?
A sarcoma is a type of cancer that develops from certain tissues, like bone or muscle. Bone and soft tissue sarcomas are the main types of sarcoma. Soft tissue sarcomas can develop from soft tissues like fat, muscle, nerves, fibrous tissues, blood vessels, or deep skin tissues.
Sarcoma is rare – about one out of 100 cases of adult cancer is a sarcoma. There are more than 50 kinds of sarcoma and grouped into two main categories: soft-tissue sarcoma and bone sarcoma.
What are Bone Sarcomas?
Bone cancer is a sarcoma that starts in the bone. To understand bone cancer, it is important to have an idea of how bones are structured. Bones support the body and they usually are hollow. The main parts of the bones are:
The matrix is the outer part of bones. It is made of fiber-like tissue and is covered with a layer of tissue called the periosteum.
Bone marrow is the soft tissue in the space in hollow bones called the medullary cavity. Cells inside bone marrow include fat cells, red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets, connective tissue and Plasma (in which blood cells are suspended).
Cartilage is at the end of most bones. It is softer than bone, but it is firmer than soft tissue. Cartilage and other tissues, including ligaments, make up joints, which connect some bones.
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