Types of surgeries may be used to treat thyroid cancer:
For small, well-differentiated tumours that have not spread beyond the thyroid gland, a lobectomy may sometimes be performed. In this type of thyroid cancer surgery, the lobe containing the cancer is removed, leaving the other healthy lobe behind. This may reduce the need to take thyroid hormone treatment after surgery since a functioning part of the thyroid remains.
In this procedure, most or all of the thyroid gland is removed by surgery (total, near-total or subtotal thyroidectomy). This type of surgery for thyroid cancer is used for most patients. However, because very little or no functioning thyroid tissue is left behind, patients will need to take daily thyroid hormone replacement pills afterward.
Lymph node removal:
When the surgeon suspects that the thyroid cancer cells have spread to nearby lymph nodes, they will remove the enlarged or suspicious nodes in order to remove as much of cancer as possible. This thyroid cancer surgical procedure is usually performed at the same time as the surgery on the primary tumour.
Radioactive iodine treatment/nuclear medicine treatment.